Memorandum of Understanding between University of Sichuan and ENSEA
During the 4rd Sino-German Energy Conference on ‘Underground clean energy systems and CCUS the University of Sichuan and ENSEA, representing the partners in Germany, Norway, Scotland and the Netherlands, signed a Memorandum of Understanding. The development of cultural and scientific cooperation is considered to be an advantage for both parties. Also the cooperation in energy research and development, especially in the area of System integration of renewable energy will be reinforced.
CO2 emission in China increased from 2500 Mt in 1991 to 10000 Mt in 2013, thus making China the world largest CO2 emitting country, while Germany, with 760 Mt per year, the largest emitter in Europe.
Both countries are together responsible for approximately 31.2% of the total CO2 global emission (29 and 2.2% for China and Germany, respectively). From a global point of view, CCS Technology in cooperation with China (68% primary energy consumption of carbon) could significantly contribute to environmental protection. Both countries plan to reduce CO2 emissions in spite of the continuous growth. Germany wants to reduce its emission by 40% until 2020 and China’s target is to reduce its carbon intensity by 40 to 45% till 2020 compared with the 2005 level.
Although to date China possesses only 6 natural gas stor-ages in porous media with a working gas volume of 1.0 Billion m3 in operation, it also owns 14 storages of natural gas in salt caverns with a working gas volume of approx. 380 Mio. m3 belong to a subproject of the famous West-East Pipeline Project consisting of exploitation and leaching caverns in Jintan (located between Shanghai and Nanjin). China will catch up significantly with Germany’s working gas volume within the next years. With regard to the third phase of the strategic oil reserves as well as the rapid rise of petroleum usage, China is compelled to construct much more storages of crude oil and natural gas than Germany in the foreseeable future.